on Ethnic Relations / Rapports sur les relations
following section is consisted of part, full or summaries of articles
from diverses sources (newspapers, newsletters, etc...).
La section suivante est constituée d'exraits, de la totalité
ou de résumés d'articles provenant d'origines diverses
/ 30 / 2003
Article: "World Bank denies possibility of withdrawing
World Bank has denied that it threatened to withdraw funding for
HIV/AIDS projects in Kenya because of allegations of corruption
within the National AIDS Control Council (NACC).
was disappointed to see the totally false assertion that the Bank
had threatened to cut off its assistance to fight HIV/AIDS due
to concerns about corruption," said World Bank Country Director
a statement, Diop said the Bank welcomed an internal investigation,
currently being undertaken by the Office of the President, into
allegations of corruption within the NACC. "We welcome this,
as a sign that the government is taking seriously the general
issue of the proper use of funds."
said the Bank was confident that the government would take whatever
actions may be necessary following the review.
2001, the Bank had been financing two HIV/AIDS operations in Kenya
- one through the Ministry of Health and the other through the
NACC - each worth US $50 million, a spokesman for the Bank, Peter
Warutere, told IRIN. To date US $15 million has been handed over
to the NACC.
has denied the allegations of corruption.
generally about corruption in Kenya, Diop added that the "signs
are very good that Kenya is turning the corner on fighting corruption".
He said this had led to a "marked strengthening" of
relations between the Bank and the government.
the positive steps taken by the government, he said, were the
enactment of the governance and ethics laws and the cabinet's
approval of legislation aimed at increasing accountability and
transparency in the management of public finances.
international watchdog, Transparency International, ranked Kenya
96 out of 102 countries on its 2002 Corruption Perceptions Index,
stating that corruption was perceived to be "rampant".
/ 27 / 2003
The Article: "Turkana man killed
in shoot-out with police"
Turkana man was killed on Thursday evening in skirmishes with
anti-riot police just outside the Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern
Kenya, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) said.
Turkana had reportedly been trying to loot a shop outside the
camp, when the shoot-out occurred, UNHCR spokesman Emmanuel Nyabera
told IRIN. Another man was arrested and two AK-47 rifles seized.
between the Turkana and Sudanese refugees in the camp erupted
last week, following a cattle rustling incident, which led to
the deaths of 12 people. About 90 regular police and 27 anti-riot
police were sent by the Kenyan government to help restore law
and order in the camp.
36,000 have been displaced within the camp due to the unrest.
The numbers of people overnighting in public buildings such as
schools and churches had risen to about 14,000 by Friday, as they
were drawn by distributions of free food rations, Nyabera told
of the Sudanese had begun to return to their homes in the northern
section of Kakuma camp on Thursday, but had stopped due to the
shoot-out, he said, adding that the atmosphere camp remained "tense".
The Article: "AIDS money not
threatened by corruption allegations"
of corruption within the Kenya National AIDS Control Council (NACC)
will not affect grants due to be given to the Kenyan government
by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria.
Global Fund is not involved at all in any kind of discussion with
regard to this matter," Dr Elhadj Sy, Africa Director for
the fund, told IRIN on Friday. "We have not issued any threats
or any statement on this."
18 June, the fund and the government of Kenya signed an agreement
for grants worth US $52 million to fight AIDS, TB and malaria,
US $37 million of which has been earmarked to fight HIV/AIDS.
The money has not yet been handed over to the government to start
police task force from the Kenyan anti-corruption unit began an
investigation into the NACC last month, following persistent allegations
of mismanagement. The force had begun interviews with employees
and will make its findings public in a report, said Kassim Mambo,
NACC's public relations manager.
has been no misappropriation of funds or corruption at any time
within the NACC," he told IRIN. "We have nothing to
said there were no "fresh allegations" of corruption
within the NACC, but that doubts had remained in the mind of the
public after allegations surfaced regarding the misappropriation
of 19 million ksh (over US $257,000) in the run-up to World AIDS
Day in 2001.
May 2002 an investigation was undertaken by the government inspectorate,
part of the ministry of finance, which found that there were some
irregularities regarding the procurement of items for that event,
he said. These included not sending official letters to companies
asking for quotations, and not receiving official quotation forms
from the companies in return.
there is a difference between not following procedures and the
misappropriation of funds," he said, adding that the body
did have receipts for all the purchased items, which included
t-shirts and posters.
said that in its first year of operation, 2000-2001, only 6 percent
of the NACC's funds were used in AIDS programmes. He said that
the council's initial funding had been used to "put up structures",
such as the secretariat, the AIDS control committees which were
launched nationwide, and also used for salaries. "There were
no major activities that year," he said.
2002, an estimated 700 people died of AIDS-related illnesses every
day in Kenya. Over 3 million people are living with HIV, half
of whom are under 30 years of age, while almost one million children
have been orphaned due to the virus.
/ 25 / 2003
The Article: "Thousands of refugees
displaced by unrest at camp"
30,000 Sudanese refugees have been displaced from their homes
within the Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya, due to fighting
with the local Turkana people which has claimed 11 lives.
early Tuesday morning, eight Sudanese, two Turkana and one Ethiopian
(caught in crossfire) had died due to the fighting, which erupted
last week when the Turkana found a missing cow in the refugee
camp, Emmanuel Nyabera, spokesman for the UN refugee agency (UNHCR),
then gangs of Turkana, some of them armed with AK-47 rifles, had
attacked the camp leading to escalated fighting with the refugees
who defended themselves using crude weapons.
22,000 of the displaced refugees were staying with friends and
family on Wednesday, while 8,000 were camped in schools, churches
and public buildings, Nyabera said.
was providing food and water to the displaced, many of whose food
stocks had been looted in the unrest, he said. Two mobile health
clinics were also tending to the sick, as the main hospital in
Kakuma had been forced to close.
and refugee leaders, who met on Tuesday, stressed they would try
and contain the violence. The Turkana complained that the UN and
aid agencies operating in the area were all catering for the Sudanese
instead of the local people, while the refugees said their women
were being raped outside the camp while searching for firewood,
as well as having their food rations stolen during raids.
population in the refugee camp is almost double that of the local
Turkana community, which had led to periodic skirmishes since
the camp was built in 1992. The main source of friction is competition
for scarce resources, especially grazing land in the extremely
described the atmosphere in the camp as "tense" on Wednesday,
but said no further killings had taken place since the Tuesday
meeting. By Wednesday, 25 police had been brought in to control
the situation and more were expected, he added.
unrest was also reported in the town of Lokichokkio on Tuesday,
as a spill-over from the Kakuma violence. UNHCR was forced to
close its refugee transit camp in the town, where asylum seekers
report on arrival in Kenya. The 335 Sudanese at the centre could
not be moved, said Nyabera, because it was feared they might be
attacked by the local people.
/ 24 / 2003
killed in clashes between Sudanese refugees and Turkana"
people have been killed in ongoing clashes between Sudanese refugees
and the local Turkana in northwestern Kenya, which erupted last
week over a cattle-rustling incident.
Sudanese refugees living in the Kakuma refugee camp had stolen
a cow from the Turkana and this led to escalated fighting between
the two groups, Emmanuel Nyabera, a spokesman for the UN refugee
agency (UNHCR), told IRIN. Five refugees and two Turkana were
To escape the fighting, over 2,000 people have relocated from
the north of Kakuma camp (known as Kakuma 3) to a central area
(Kakuma 1), which is considered more secure but has led to overcrowding
and sanitation problems.
The UN and implementing partners have also been unable to give
out food rations since Friday as it was impossible to mobilise
the refugees to go to the distribution points due to their "anxiety
and fear", Nyabera said.
A team of five government, police and UNHCR officials went to
Kakuma on Tuesday morning "to try to reorganise security
arrangements in the camp", he said. They planned to hold
negotiations with local refugee and Turkana leaders as well as
local officials to find a way of restoring order.
Describing the situation in the camp as "very tense"
on Tuesday, he said the fighting had "become personal",
and it was now based on a desire for revenge.
estimates that there are currently about 65,000 Sudanese refugees
living in Kakuma camp.
the violence has reportedly had a spill-over effect into the town
of Lokichokio, the launch-pad for much of the humanitarian effort
into south Sudan. On Tuesday, a person thought to be Sudanese,
threw a grenade into a group of local Turkanas in the town, humanitarian
sources said. Several people were injured in the incident.