Ethno-Net Database: Nigeria

MOST ETHNO-NET AFRICA DATABASE

NIGERIA


 
Other data on Nigeria / Autres données sur le Nigéria
Benin

Cameroon

Chad

Congo-Brazza

Congo-Kinshasa

Gabon

Ghana


Ivory Coast

Kenya

Nigeria

South Africa

Zambia
 
Linguistic Groups
Religious Groups
Other Ethnicity
Ethnic Diversity-General Population / Diversité éthnique-Population totale

Groupes linguistiques / Linguistic Groups

National or official languages: Edo, Efik, Adamawa Fulfulde, Hausa, Idoma, Igbo, Yerwa Kanuri, Yoruba, English.

Colonial Language: English

Majority
Group: none

Minority
Groups: yorouba (19 %), haoussa (18 %), ibo (17 %), fulani ou peul (8 %), ibibio (3 %), le tiv (2 %), anang (1 %) et ebira (1%).

Number of languages
:
515

Total population: 106,409,000 (1998 UN).


Groups consisted of at least 100,000 speakers

Living Languages
Alternate Names
Dialects
Official Data
estimation
ANAANG Anang, Annang.  Ikot Ekpene, Abak, Ukanafun.  1,000,000 (1990).  
ARABIC, SHUWA Arabe Choa, Shuwa, Shua Arabic, Chadian Arabic   100,000 in Nigeria (1973 SIL).  
BACAMA Bachama, Bashamma, Abacama, Besema, Bwareba, Gboare Mulyen (Mulwyin, Mwulyin), Opalo, Wa-Duku 150,000 (1992 CAPRO).  
BADE Bedde, Bede, Gidgid. Gashua Bade (Mazgarwa), Southern Bade (Bade-Kado), Western Bade (Magwaram. Maagwaram), Shirawa. 250,000 (1993).  
BARIBA Baatonun, Batonnum, Batonu, Baatonun-Kwara, Bargu, Burgu, Borgu, Borgawa, Berba, Barba, Bogung, Zana.    100,000 in Nigeria (1995 R. Jones SIM).    
BASA Basa-Benue, Rubasa, Rubassa, 'Bassa-Kwomu', 'Bassa-Komo', Abatsa, Abacha.   100,000 (1973 SIL).   
BATA : Gbwata, Batta, Demsa Bata, Gboati, Gbwate, Bete, Birsa, Dunu.  Zumu (Zomo, Jimo), Wadi (Wa'i), Malabu, Kobotachi, Ribaw, Demsa, Garoua, Jirai.  150,000 in Nigeria (1992). Population total both countries 152,500.   
BEKWARRA Ebekwara, Bekworra, Yakoro.    100,000 (1989 SIL).    
BEROM Birom, Berum, Gbang, Kibo, Kibbo, Kibbun, Kibyen, 'Shosho', Aboro, Boro-Aboro, Afango, Chenberom, Cen Berom.  Gyell-Kuru-Vwang (Ngell-Kuru-Vwang), Fan-Foron-Heikpang, Bachit-Gashish, Du-Ropp-Rim, Hoss.  300,000 (1993 SIL).    
BOKYI Boki, Nki, Okii, Uki, Nfua, Osikom, Osukam, Vaaneroki. Basua (Bashua), Irruan (Erwan, Eerwee), Boje (Bojie), Kwakwagom, Nsadop, Osokom, Wula (Baswo, Okundi, Kecwan), Oku, Boorim, Oyokom, Abo (Abu), Eastern Bokyi (East Boki). 140,000 in Nigeria (1989 SIL). Population total both countries 144,000.   
BOLE Bolanchi, Ampika, Borpika, Bolewa, Bolawa Bara, Fika (Fikankayen, Anpika). 100,000 (1990).  
BURA-PABIR Bura, Burra, Bourrah, Pabir, Babir, Babur, Barburr, Mya Bura, Kwojeffa, Huve, Huviya. Pela (Bura Pela, Hill Bura), Hyil Hawul (Bura Hyilhawul, Plain Bura). 250,000 (1987 UBS), including 200,000 Pabir (1993). 32,000 in Adamawa State (1992).  
CIBAK Chibuk, Chibok, Chibbak, Chibbuk, Kyibaku, Kibbaku, Kikuk   100,000 (1993 CAPRO)  
DIBO Shitako, Zitako, Zhitako. Ganagana, Ganagawa.   100,000 or fewer (1992 Crozier and Blench).  
EBIRA Igbirra, Igbarra, Ibara, Kotokori, Katawa, Kwotto, Igbira, Egbira, Egbura. Okene (Hima, Ihima), Igara (Etuno), Koto (Igu, Egu, Ika, Bira, Biri, Panda). 1,000,000 (1989 J. Adive).  
EDO Bini, Benin, Addo, Oviedo, Ovioba.   1,000,000 (1987 UBS).  
EFIK Calabar   400,000 first language speakers (1998), 2,400,000 including second language users (1998).  
EGGON Egon, Mo Egon, Mada Eggon, Hill Mada, Mada Dutse.   140,368 (1990).  
EKIT Eket   200,000 (1989).  
EMAI-IULEHA-ORA Kunibum, Ivbiosakon. Ivhimion, Emai, Iuleha, Ora.  100,000 (1987 Schaefer).    
ESAN Ishan, Isa, Esa, Anwain.  Ekpon, Igueben.  200,000 (1973 SIL) including 7,000 Ekpon in 7 villages (1998).    
FULFULDE, ADAMAWA Eastern Fulfulde, Fulatanchi, Fulani, Fula, Fillanci.   All Fulfulde in Nigeria: 7,611,000 or 8.6% of the population (1991 SIL).  
FULFULDE, NIGERIAN Kano-Katsina-Bororro Fulfulde. Kano-Katsina, Bororro (Bororo, Mbororo, Ako, Nomadic Fulfulde), Sokoto.  7,611,000 all Fulfulde in Nigeria (1991 SIL), including 340,000 in Sokoto. Population total all countries 7,611,000.   
GBAGYI Ibagyi, Gbagye, Gwari, East Gwari, Gwari Matai.  Tawari, Kuta, Diko, Karu, Kaduna, Louome, Vwezhi, Ngenge (Genge, Gyange, Gyengyen).  700,000 (1991 SIL).  
GBARI Gbari Yamma, Gwari Yamma, West Gwari, Nkwa.  Kwali, Izem, Gayegi, Paiko, Botai, Jezhu, Kong, Kwange (Kangye, Agbawi, Wake, Wi), Wahe. 300,000 (1991 SIL).    
GERA Gerawa   200,000 (1995 CAPRO)  
GOEMAI Ankwai, Ankwei, Ankwe, Kemai.   200,000 or more (1995).    
GOKANA     100,000 (1989).  
GUN-GBE Gu-Gbe, Gun-Alada Alada (Alada-Gbe), Asento, Gbekon, Gun (Gu-, Egun, Goun), Phela, Savi, Weme.  180,000 to 300,000 in Nigeria.    
HAM Hyamhum, Jaba, Jabba, Jeba.   100,000 (1994 UBS).    
HAUSA Hausawa, Haoussa, Abakwariga, Mgbakpa, Habe, Kado.  Dialects: Kano, Katagum, Hadejiya, Sokoto, Gobirawa, Adarawa, Kebbawa, Zamfarawa, Katsina, Arewa.    18,525,000 in Nigeria (1991 SIL). Population total all countries 24,200,000 first language speakers, 39,000,000 including second language speakers (1999 WA).   
HUBA Kilba, Chobba.  Luwa 175,000 (1992).    
IBIBIO   Enyong, Central Ibibio, Itak, Nsit. 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 (1998 B. Connell).  
IDOMA   Idoma Central (Oturkpo, Akpoto), Idoma West, Idoma South (Igumale, Igwaale, Ijigbam), Okpogu. 600,000 (1991 UBS).  
IGALA Igara Ebu, Idah, Ankpa, Ogugu, Ibaji, Ife, Anyugba. 800,000 (1989 UBS).  
IGBO Ibo Owerri (Isuama), Onitsha, Umuahia (Ohuhu), Orlu, Ngwa, Afikpo, Nsa, Oguta, Aniocha, Eche, Egbema, Oka (Awka), Bonny-Opobo, Mbaise, Nsuka, Ohuhu, Unwana.  18,000,000 or 16.6% of the population (1999 WA).    
IGEDE Igedde, Egede. Ito, Oju (Central Igede), Worku, Gabu. 250,000 (1991 UBS).  
IKWERE Ikwerre, Ikwerri.  Apani, Akpo-Mgbu-Tolu, Ogbakiri, Emowhua, Ndele, Elele, Omerelu, Egbedna, Aluu, Igwuruta, Ibaa, Isiokpo, Omagwna, Ubima, Ipo, Omudioga, Obio, Rumuji. 200,000 probably (1973 SIL).  
ISEKIRI Itsekiri, Ishekiri, Shekiri, Jekri, Chekiri, Iwere, Irhobo, Warri, Iselema-Otu, Selemo.    510,000 (1991 UBS).   
ISOKO 'Igabo', 'Sobo', 'Biotu'. Ozoro, Ofagbe, Emede, Owe (Owhe), Elu, Aviara, Iyede, Imiv, Enhwe, Ume, Iwire (Igbide), Olomoro, Iyede-Ami, Unogboko, Itebiege, Uti, Iyowo, Ibiede, Oyede, Uzere, Irri (Iri) Ole (Oleh). 321,000 (1993 Johnstone).  
IZI-EZAA-IKWO-MGBO   IZI (IZZI), EZAA (EZA), IKWO, MGBO (NGBO). 593,000 (1973 SIL) including 200,000 Izi, 180,000 Ezaa, 150,000 Ikwo, 63,000 Mgbo.  
IZON Izo, Uzo, Ijo, Ijaw, Central-Western Ijo. Iduwini, Ogulagha, Oporoza (Gbaranmatu), Arogbo, Egbema, Olodiama East, Olodiama West, Furupagha, Kabo (Patani), Kumbo, Tarakiri East, Tarakiri West, Mein (Northwest Izon), Tuomo, Operemor, Seimbri, Ogboin, Oiakiri, Oporoma, Apoi, Gbanrain, Kolukuma (Kolokuma, North Izon), Bumo (South Central Izon), Ekpetiama, Ikibiri, Boma, Ogbe Ijo. 1,000,000 (1989 Williamson) including 100,000 Kolokuma (1991 UBS). 1,770,000 all Ijo languages, 2% of the population (1991 SIL).  
JARAWA Jaranchi, Jar, Jara, Jarawan Kogi.  Bankal (Bankala, Baranci, Zhar), Ligri, Kanam, Bobar, Gingwak (Gwak, Jarawan Bununu, Jaracin Kasa).  150,000 (1978 MARC), including 20,000 Bankal, 19,000 Gingwak.   
JJU Kaje, Kajji, Kache.    300,000 (1988 C. McKinney SIL).  
KALABARI     257,764 (1989 Jenewari).    
KAMWE Higi, Hiji, Higgi, Vacamwe.  Nkafa, Dakwa (Bazza), Sina, Wula, Futu, Tili Pte, Fali Of Kiriya, Fali Of Mijilu. 300,000 (1992).  
KANURI, CENTRAL Yerwa Kanuri, Kanouri, Beriberi, Bornu, Kanoury. Kaga (Kagama), Lare (Lere), Kwayam, Njesko, Kabari (Kuvuri), Ngazar, Guvja, Mao, Temageri, Fadawa. 3,000,000 or more in Nigeria (1985 Gunnemark and Kenrick). Population total all countries 3,500,000 (1987 UBS). All Kanuri in all countries including second language speakers: 4,000,000 (1999 WA).   
KANURI, MANGA Manga, Kanouri, Kanoury Dagara, Manga. 200,000 in Nigeria (1993).    
KAREKARE Karaikarai, Karai Karai, Kerekere, Kerrikerri. Jalalam (West Karekare), Birkai, Kwarta Mataci.  150,000 to 200,000 (1993 CAPRO.  
KHANA Kana, Ogoni. Tai, Yeghe, Norkhana, Ken-Khana, Boe. 200,000 (1989).  
KIRIKE Okrika   248,000 (1995 UBS).   
LOKAA Yakurr, Yak, Loko, Loke, Luko.  Ugep, Nkpam.  120,000 (1989).    
MADA Madda, Yidda.    100,000 (1993 SIL).  
MARGHI CENTRAL Marghi, Margi. Lassa (Babal), Gulak (Dzerngu), Madube (Gwara), Mulgwe (Malgwa), Wurga.  135,000 in Marghi Central, Marghi South, and Putai languages (1999)  
MBEMBE, CROSS RIVER Okam, Oderiga, Wakande Ifunubwa, Ekokoma, Ofunobwam. Okom (Eghom, Ohana-Onyen), Apiapum, Adun, Osopong (Osophong, Ezopong), Ofombonga (Ewumbonga), Ofonokpan, Ekama (Ekamu), Oferikpe.  100,000 (1982 UBS).    
MUMUYE Yoro Zinna, Dong, Yoro, Lankaviri, Gola (Bajama), Gongla, Kasaa, Saawa, Jalingo, Nyaaja, Jeng, Gnoore, Yaa, Sagbee, Shaari, Kugong, Mang, Kwaji, Meeka, Yakoko. 400,000 in Nigeria (1993 SIL). Population total both countries 400,000 or more.   
MWAGHAVUL Sura Mupun (Mapan, Mapun), Panyam.  295,000 (1993 SIL).    
NGAS Angas, Kerang, Karang.  Hill Angas, Plain Angas.  400,000 (1998 SIL).    
NUPE-NUPE-TAKO Nupe, Nufawa, Nupeci, Nupenchi, Nupecidji, Nupencizi.  Nupe Central (Nife, Anupe, Nupecizi, Nupencizi, Ampeyi, Anupecwayi, Anuperi, Tapa, Tappah, Takpa), Nupe Tako (Bassa Nge).  800,000 (1990).    
OBOLO Andoni, Andone, Andonni.  Ngo, Ataba, Unyeada, Okoroete, Ibot Obolo.  100,000 (1990 Uche E. Aaron).    
OGBAH Ogba Egnih, Igburu-Usomini. 170,000 (1993 A. Ahiamadu).  
OGBIA Ogbinya Kolo, Oloibiri, Anyama.  200,000 (1989).  
RON 'Challa', 'Chala'.  Bokkos (Alis I Run), Daffo-Butura (Lis Ma Run), Monguna (Shagawu, Shagau, Nafunfia, Maleni).  115,000 (1995) including 20,000 Shagawu.    
TANGALE Tangle Kaltungo, Biliri, Shongom, Ture. 130,000 (1995 CAPRO).    
TAROK Yergam, Yergum, Appa. Izini (Hill Tarok), Itarok (Plain Tarok), Selyer, Itarok Oga Asa, Igyang. 300,000 (1998 Blench).  
TIV 'Munshi'   2,212,000 in Nigeria (1991 UBS), 2.5% of the population (1991 SIL). Population total both countries 2,212,000.   
TSO Lotsu-Piri, Cibbo, Tsb, Cuyi Ts, Pire, Piri, Kitta. Berbou, Gusubou, Swabou.  16,000 (1992 CAPRO)  
TSUVADI Avadi, Abadi, Evadi, Kamberi, Ibeto.    150,000 (1998).    
TYAP Katab, Kataf.  Kafanchan (Fantuan, Kpashan), Kachichere (Aticherak, Daroro), Katab (Atyap, Tyap), Kagoro (Agwolok, Agolok, Agwot, Aguro), Atakat (Atakar, Attaka, Attakar, Takat), Sholio (Asholio, Asolio, Osholio, Aholio, Marwa, Morwa, Moroa, Maruwa, Maroa). 130,000 (1993 SIL).    
UKWUANI-ABOH-NDONI   UKWUANI (UKWANI, UKWALI, KWALE), ABOH (EBOH), NDONI.  150,000 (1973 SIL).  
URHOBO Biotu, 'Sobo'. Agbarho 546,000 (1993 Johnstone).    
VAGHAT-YA-BIJIM-LEGERI Kwanka.  Vaghat (Tivaghat, Kadun, Kwanka), Ya (Tiya, Boi), Bijim, Legeri.  223,859 (1990).  
WAPAN Jukun Wukari, Wukari, Wakari, Wap, Jukun Wapan, Juku, Jukum, Jukon, Juku Junkun, Jinkum.  Wukan 100,000 (1994 UBS).   
YEKHEE Etsako, Etsakor, Afenmai, Iyekhee, 'Kukuruku'. Auchi, Uzairue, South Ibie (South Ivbie), Uwepa-Uwano (Weppa Wano), Avianwu (Fugar), Aviele, Ivhiadaobi, Ekperi.  274,000 (1995 UBS).  
YORUBA Yooba, Yariba.  Oyo, Ijesha, Ila, Ijebu, Ondo, Wo, Owe, Jumu, Iworro, Igbonna, Yagba, Gbedde, Egba, Akono, Aworo, Bunu (Bini), Ekiti, Ilaje, Ikale, Awori. 18,850,000 in Nigeria (1993 Johnstone). Population total all countries 20,000,000 (1991 UBS). Including second language speakers: 22,000,000 (1999 WA).   

Sources:
1) Ethnologue Report for Nigeria
2) LECLERC, Jacques. "Nigeria" dans L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec, TLFQ, Université Laval, 28 oct. 2002,[ http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/nigeria.htm], (18 Juin 2003), 36,6 Ko


Religious Groups / Groupes religieux

Religious Groups
Proportion
Muslims
about 50 %
Christians
about 40 %
including 10 % of Catholics
African Religions
5 %

Constituted from data of: Agence CIP. "Visite de Jean- Paul II au Nigeria (21- 23 mars), un géant africain aux pieds d'argile", Bruxelles, CIP, 17 mars 1998, [http://www.catho.be/cip/bulletin/5412/depeche/depcip5412n29.html] (31 Juillet 2003), 121,5 Ko

On estime qu'un peu plus de 50 % des Nigérians sont musulmans et près de 40 % chrétiens, dont 10 % sont catholiques. Il y a des centaines d'Eglises indépendantes (Cf. le Bulletin d'Information Africaine (ANB- BIA, Bruxelles) du 15 février 1998). Il ne resterait que 5 % d'adeptes des religions africaines. Les musulmans sont concentrés surtout dans le Nord (haoussa); le Sud- Est (ibo) est presque entièrement chrétien; les deux groupes sont mélangés dans les autres régions, surtout dans le sud- ouest (yorouba).

Extrait de: Agence CIP. "Visite de Jean- Paul II au Nigeria (21- 23 mars), un géant africain aux pieds d'argile", Bruxelles, CIP, 17 mars 1998, [http://www.catho.be/cip/bulletin/5412/depeche/depcip5412n29.html] (31 Juillet 2003), 121,5 Ko


Ethnic Groups / Groupes ethniques

Le Nigeria compte une population multiethnique et multilingue. En effet, on dénombre plus de 450 langues et 250 communautés liées à quatre ethnies principales:
- les Haoussas, établis au nord
- les Peuls (Foulanis), établis au nord,
- les Yoroubas occupent le Sud-Ouest et
- les Ibos le Sud-Est

Extrait de: LECLERC, Jacques. "Nigeria" dans L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec, TLFQ, Université Laval, 28 oct. 2002,[ http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/nigeria.htm], (18 Juin 2003), 36,6 Ko

 
 
 
Other data on Nigeria / Autres données sur le Nigéria