Ethno-Net Database: Congo - Kinshasa

MOST ETHNO-NET AFRICA DATABASE

CONGO (Kinshasa)


 
Other data on Congo - Kinshasa / Autres données sur le Congo - Kinshasa
Afrique du Sud

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Côte d'Ivoire

Congo-Brazza

Congo-Kinshasa

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Ghana


Kenya

Nigeria

Tchad

Zambie
 
Groupes linguistiques

Groupes religieux

Autre ethnicité
Ethnic Diversity-General Population / Diversité éthnique-Population totale

Groupes linguistiques / Linguistic Groups

Langes nationales ou officielles: Kongo, Lingala, Luba-Kasai, Congo Swahili, French.

Langue coloniale: français (Belgique)

Nombres de langes listées
:
219


Groupe majoritaire: aucun

Groupes minoritaires: quatre langues nationales (kikongo, lingala, kiswahili et tshiluba) et plus de 200 langues locales (ngala, luba-shaba, songe, phende, kinyarwanda, shi, tetela, zande, etc.)

Population totale: 49,139,000 (1998 UN).


Groupes d'au moins 50,000 locuteurs

Groupe lingusitique
Noms alternatifs
Dialectes
Données officielles
Estimation
ALUR Lur, Aloro, Alua, Alulu, Luri, Dho Alur, Jo Alur.    500,000 in DRC (1991 UBS). Population total both countries 920,000.   
BANGALA Ngala.   Used by 3,500,000 as second language (1991 UBS).    
BANGI Bobangi, Bubangi, Lobobangi, Rebu, Dzamba.    Population total all countries 70,000 (1990 UBS).   
BANGUBANGU Kibangubangu, Bangobango, Kibangobango. Bangubangu, Mikebwe, Kasenga, Nonda, Hombo. 171,000 including 85,000 Bangubangu, 30,000 Mikebwe, 20,000 Kasenga, 32,000 Nonda, 4,000 Hombo (1995 SIL).    
BEMBA Ichibemba, Wemba, Chiwemba Lembue, Lomotua (Lomotwa), Ngoma, Nwesi, Shila.  120,000 in Shila (1972 Barrett).    
BEMBA Kinyabemba      
BEMBE Ibembe, Beembe, Ebembe.    252,000 in DRC (1991 UBS). Population total both countries 252,000 or more.   
BERA Kibira, Plains Bira.    120,000 (1992 SIL).  
BINJI Bindji   64,000 (1971 Welmers).   
BUDU Ebudu, Kibudu, Bodo. Ineta (Timoniko), Wadimbisa (Isombi), Makoda, West Bafwangada (Bafanio), East Bafwangada, Bafwakoyi, Malamba, Mahaa.  180,000 or more (1991 SIL).  
BUDZA Ebuja, Buja, Budja, Mbudja, Embudja, Limbudza.  Mbila, Monzamboli, Bosambi, Yaliambi.  226,000 (1985 census).    
BUSHOONG Bushong, Busoong, Bushongo, Shongo, Mbale, Bamongo, Mongo, Kuba, Ganga.  Djembe, Ngende, Ngombe (Ngombia), Ngongo, Pianga (Panga, Tsobwa, Shobwa, Shoba).  50,000 to 100,000 (1977 W. Washburn PR).    
BWA Boa, Bua, Boua, Libua, Libwali, Libenge, Kibua, Kibwa. Leboa-Le, Yewu, Kiba, Benge, Bati (Baati).  200,000 (1994 SIL).    
CHOKWE Cokwe, Ciokwe, Tshokwe, Tschiokwe, Shioko, Djok, Imo.    504,000 in DRC (1990 UBS). Population total all countries 1,009,600.   
FULIIRU Fuliru, Kifuliru, Fulero, Kifulero.   300,000 (1999 SIL).    
HEMA Hema-Sud, Southern Hema, Congo Nyoro, Nyoro, Runyoro.  Toro (Orutoro, Tooro).  Population total all countries 160,000 (1996 SIL)  
HEMBA Kihemba, Emba, Kiemba, Luba-Hemba, Eastern Luba.   85,000 (1976).  
HUNDE Kihunde, Kobi, Rukobi.   200,000 (1980 UBS).    
KANYOK Kanyoka, Kanioka.    200,000 (1991 UBS).    
KELA Okela, Ikela, Lemba.    180,000 (1972 Barrett).    
KELE Lokele, Ekele, Kili, Likelo, Yakusu.    160,000 (1980 UBS) including 7,000 Yalikoka (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).   
KITUBA Kikongo-Kutuba, Kikongo Simplifi?Kikongo Ya Leta, Kileta, Kikongo Commercial, Kibulamatadi.  : Ikeleve, Western Kituba, Eastern Kituba. 4,200,000 (1990 UBS), 5,000,000 including second language users (1989 Mufwene).    
KOMO Kikomo, Kikumu, Kikuumu, Kikumo, Kuumu, Kumu, Kumo.   400,000 (1998 SIL).    
KONGO South Congo, Central Kongo, West Kongo (Fiote, Fioti), Bwende (Buende), Laadi, East Kongo, Southeast Kongo, Nzamba (Dzamba).   1,000,000 in DRC (1986 UBS). Population total all countries 3,217,000 (1991 UBS).   
KONGO, SAN SALVADOR Kikongo, Congo, Kisikongo, Kikoongo.    Population total both countries 1,500,000 (1989 UBS).   
KWESE Pindi, Kikwese, Ukwese.    60,000.    
LALIA     55,000 or more (1993 estimate).    
LEGA-MWENGA Shile, Kilega, Rega, Kirega, Leka-Shile, Leka-Sile, Ishile, Ileka Ishile. Iyoko, Ibanda, Isopo, Lusenge, Bilembo-Mango, Mizulo. 35,000 to 40,000 or more (1994 ACM).    
LEGA-SHABUNDA Kilega, Rega, Kirega, Ileka-Igonzabale, Leka-Igonzabale, Igonzabale. Kigala, Kigyoma, Liliga, Kisede, Kinyabanga, Kinyamunsange (Pangi). 400,000 (1982 UBS).    
LENDU Bbadha, Bbaledha, Kilendu, Baletha, Batha, Balendru, Bale, Hema-Nord, Kihema-Nord. Djadha, Tadha, Pidha, Ddralo, Njawlo, Gegere.  750,000 in DRC (1996 C. Kutsch Lojenga SIL). Population total both countries 760,000.   
LENGOLA Kilengola, Lengora.    100,000 or fewer (1998).    
LESE Lesa, Lesse, Lissi, Walisi, Walese, Balese, Mbuti. Lese Karo, Arumbi (Upstream Lese), Ndese (Lese Dese), Vukutu (Vonkutu, Obi), Fare. 50,000 (1991 SIL).    
LIKA Kilika, Toriko, Kpongo, Mabiti.  Lik?k?Lilik?ik?Lilik?Lik? 60,000 including 57,000 in Wamba District, 3,000 in Rungu District (1989 SIL).    
LUBA-KASAI Luba-Lulua, Tshiluba, Western Luba, Luva.    6,300,000 (1991 UBS).    
LUBA-KATANGA Luba-Shaba, Kiluba.    1,505,000 (1991 UBS).    
LUGBARA High Lugbara.  Zaki, Abedju-Azaki, Lu, Aluru, Nio, Otsho.  288,000 in DRC (1993 Johnstone).    
LUNA Inkongo, Kuba, Northern Luba.    50,000.   
MAMVU Tengo Amengi, Mamvu (Momvu, Momfu). 60,000 (1991 SIL).    
MANGBETU Nemangbetu, Mangbettu, Mambetto, Amangbetu, Kingbetu.  Meje (Medje), Mangbetu, Makere, Malele, Popoi.  620,000. Population total both countries 650,000 (1985 UBS).   
MAYOGO Maigo, Maiko, Mayko, Kiyogo, Majugu, Mayugo.  Madimadoko, Madipia (Mabozo, Magbai, Mabodese, Madjedje).  100,000 (1991 McCord SIL).  
MBALA Gimbala, Rumbala.    200,000 (1972 Nida).    
MBANDJA Mbanza, Mbanja, Mbandza.  Kala, Gbado.  Population total all countries 200,000 (1982 M. Hill).   
MBOLE Lombole Keembo, Nkimbe (Nkembe), Yangonda, Yaisu, Inja, Botunga, Yaamba, Yaikole.  100,000 (1971 Welmers).    
MONGO-NKUNDU Mongo, Lomongo.  Mpama, Wangata, Panga (Ipanga, Titu, Buli, South Nkundo), Bukala (Kala), Yalima (Yajima), Kutu (Bakutu), Ekonda Mongo (Lomongo), Longo (Bolongo), Nkundo (Nkundu, Lonkundu, Lonkundo, Lolo), Ntomba-Inongo, Ntomba-Bikoro, Konda (Ekonda, Lokonda, Lokwala), Longombe.  400,000 or more (1995 estimate). 4,800,000 (1993 Johnstone) or 17% of the population (1978 WA) all Mongo languages in DRC.  
MONO Amono Bili, Bubanda, Galaba, Kaga, Mpaka.  65,000 (1984 census).    
MPUONO   MPUONO, MPUUN (MBUUN, KIMBUUN, MBUNDA, GIMBUNDA). 165,000 (1972 Nida).    
NANDI Kinandi, Kinande, Nande, Northern Nande, Ndande, Orundande.  Nandi, Kumbule (Ekikumbule), Mate (Ekimate), Tangi (Ekitangi), Sanza (Ekisanza), Shu (Ekishu), Ekisongoora (Songola, Nyangala), Swaga (Ekiswaga, Ekikira), Yira (Ekiyira).  903,000 (1991 UBS).    
NDO Ke'bu, Oke'bu, Kebutu, Ndu.  Avari (Avare, Avere, Aviritu), Oke'bu, Membi (Membitu, Meembi, Mombi, Ndo). 100,000. Population total both countries 300,000 (1991 UBS).   
NGANDO Ngandu, Longandu.   220,000 or more (1995 estimate).    
NGBAKA Ngbaka Minangende, Ngbaka Gbaya.    1,000,000 in DRC (1999). Population total all countries 1,005,000 or more.   
NGBANDI, NORTHERN Ngwandi, Mongwandi, Baza.    105,000 (1989). Population total both countries 105,000.   
NGBANDI, SOUTHERN Mongbandi, Mbati, Ngbandi-Sud, Ngbandi-Ngiri, Ngwandi, Mongwandi.    105,000.    
NGITI Kingiti, Ngeti, Kingeti, Ndruna, Druna, Bindi, Lendu-Sud.    100,000 (1991 SIL).    
NGOMBE Lingombe Binja (Binza, Libindja, Libinja), Wiindza-Baali, Doko. 150,000 (1971 Welmers).    
NTOMBA Lontomba, Ntumba, Luntumba, Ntomba-Bolia. Imona, Mpongo, Nkole, Ntomba, Sakanyi, Soko, Saw. 100,000 (1980 UBS).  
NYANGA Kinyanga, Inyanga.  Inyanga, Ifuna, Ikumbure, Itiri.  150,000 (1994 census).    
PHENDE Kipende, Giphende, Pende, Gipende, Pindi, Pinji.    420,000 (1991 UBS).  
RWANDA Kinyarwanda, Ruanda.  Bwisha (Kinyabwisha), Mulenge (Kinyamulenge), Twa.  250,000 possibly in DRC (UBS).    
SAKATA Kisakata, Saka, Lesa, Odual.  Sakata, Djia (Kidjia, Dia, Dja), Bai (Kibai).  75,000 (1982 UBS).    
SALAMPASU Chisalampasu Luntu 60,000 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).    
SANGA Kisanga, Southern Luba, Luba-Sanga, Luba-Garenganze.    431,000 (1991 UBS).   
SHI Mashi Lindja, Hwindja (Lwindja), Ziba, Longe-Longe. 654,000 (1991 UBS).    
SONGE Songye, Kisongye, Lusonge, Kalebwe, Northeast Luba, Yembe, Kisonge, Luba-Songi, Kisongi.  Western Kalebwe (Esambi Kipya, Songe), Eastern Kalebwe (Kilombeno Kibya, Ikalebwe), Mbagani.  1,000,000 (1991 WA) including 150,000 in Western Kalebwe (1982 UBS).    
SONGOMENO     50,000 (1972 Barrett).    
SUKU Kisuku   50,000 (1980 UBS).    
TAABWA Rungu, Ichitaabwa, Tabwa Shila 250,000 in DRC (1972 Barrett). Population total both countries 250,000 or more.   
TEKE, CENTRAL Kiteke Kwe, Njinju (Njyunjyu, Ndzikou, Ndzindziju, Nziku, Nzinzihu), Wuo, Boma (Boo, Eboo, Eboom, Boma Mbali, Bamboma).    
TEKE, EASTERN Kiteke, Ibali.  Mosieno, Ngee (Esingee), Bali (Ambali, Teo, Tio, Tyo).  Population total both countries 71,000.  
TEMBO Motembo, Litembo.    5,000 (1986 SIL).    
TETELA Otetela, Sungu.    750,000 (1991 UBS).    
YANSI Yanzi, Eyanzi, Kiyanzi, Eyansi.  Yeei (Yey).  100,000 or more (1997 Salikoko Mufwene).    
ZANDE Pazande, Zandi, Azande, Sande, Asande, Badjande, Bazenda.    730,000 in DRC. Population total all countries 1,142,000.   
ZIMBA   Binja (Soe, Sole), Semulu (Semolo, Nyembombo, Kisembombo), Semalinga, Kwange, Mamba (Kyenyemamba).  120,000 (1994 census).    

Constituée de données extraites de:
1) LECLERC, Jacques. "Congo-Kinshasa" dans L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec, TLFQ, Université Laval, 28 oct. 2002,[http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/czaire.htm], (18 Juin 2003), 83,7 Ko

2) Ethnologue Report for DR Congo


 

Groupes religieux / Religious Groups

Religious Groups
Proportion
Catholoques
40 %
Protestants
35 %
Kimbanguistes (une importante Église d'origine africaine)
10 %
Musulmans
9 %
Religions juives ou grecques-orthodoxes
non connue

Constituée de données extraites de: LECLERC, Jacques. "Congo-Kinshasa" dans L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec, TLFQ, Université Laval, 28 oct. 2002,[http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/czaire.htm], (18 Juin 2003), 83,7 Ko


 

Groupes linguistiques / Linguistic Groups

Le Congo-Kinshasa compte quelque 250 ethnies qui peuvent être réparties en plusieurs groupes.

Le premier groupe est formé par les peuples bantous (env. 80 % de la population) dont les principales ethnies sont:
- les Luba (18 %),
- les Mongo (17 %),
- les Kongo (12 %) et
- les Rwandais hutus et tutsis (10 %);

Les autres ethnies bantoues sont:
- les Lunda,
- les Tchokwé,
- les Tetela,
- les Bangala,
- les Shi,
- les Nande,
- les Hunde,
- les Nyanga,
- les Tembo et
- les Bembe.

Les ethnies non bantoues se répartissent entre:
- les Soudanais (Ngbandi, Ngbaka, Mbanja, Moru-Mangbetu et Zande),
- les Nilotiques (Alur, Lugbara et Logo), les Chamites (Hima) et
- les Pygmées (Mbuti, Twa, Baka, Babinga).

Extrait de: LECLERC, Jacques. "Congo-Kinshasa" dans L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec, TLFQ, Université Laval, 28 oct. 2002,[http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/czaire.htm], (18 Juin 2003), 83,7 Ko

 
 
 
Other data on Congo - Kinshasa / Autres données sur le Congo - Kinshasa