Ethno-Net Database: Zambia

MOST ETHNO-NET AFRICA DATABASE

ZAMBIA / ZAMBIE


 
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Zambia
 
Linguistic Groups

Religious Groups

Other Ethnicity
Ethnic Diversity-General Population / Diversité éthnique-Population totale

Linguistic Groups / Groupes linguistiques

National or official languages: English.

Number of languages
:
43

Total population: 8,781,000 (1998 UN).


Groups cocnsisted of at least 50,000 speakers

Lingusitic Group
Alternate Names
Dialects
Official Data
Estimation
AUSHI Avaushi, Vouaousi, Ushi, Usi, Uzhil.   90,204 in Zambia (1969 census). Population total both countries 90,200.  
BEMBA Chibemba, Ichibemba, Wemba, Chiwemba.  Lembue, Lomotua (Lomotwa), Ngoma, Nwesi, Town Bemba, Luunda (Luapula), Chishinga, Kabende, Mukulu, Ng'umbo, Twa Of Bangweulu, Unga.  2,000,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 25% of the population, including 741,114 Bemba, 32,022 Luunda, 5,190 Shila, 26,429 Tabwa, 16,833 Cishinga, 28,172 Kabende, 6,706 Mukulu, 42,298 Ng'umbo, 14,040 Twa-Unga (1969 census). Population total all countries 2,150,000 or more.   
ILA Chiila, Shukulumbwe, Sukulumbwe.  Lundwe, Lumbu, Ila.  61,200 or .9% of the population (1986).  
KAONDE Chikaonde, Chikahonde, Kawonde, Luba Kaonde.   240,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 2.9% of the population (1986). Population total both countries 276,000.   
LALA-BISA Biza-Lala.  Ambo, Luano, Swaka, Bisa (Ichibisa, Biisa, Wisa, Wiza), Lala (Ichilala).  439,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 5.2% of the population (1986), including Lala 200,000 (1991 UBS). Population total both countries 439,000 or more.   
LAMBA Ichilamba, Chilamba.  Lamba, Lima.  211,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 2.5% of the population (1986), including 89,969 Lamba, 11,782 Lima (1969 census). Population total both countries 211,000 or more.  
LENJE Chilenje, Lenji, Lengi, Mukuni, Chinamukuni, Ciina.  Twa (Lukanga), Lenje.  169,000 2% of the population (1993 Johnstone).  
LOZI Silozi, Rozi, Tozvi, Rotse, Rutse, Kololo.    473,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 5.6% of the population (1986). Population total all countries 557,000.   
LUCHAZI Chiluchazi, Lucazi, Cujazi, Lujasi, Lujash, Lutshase, Luxage, Ponda.    54,400 in Zambia, .8% of the population (1986).    
LUNDA Chilunda Kosa (Koosa), Ndembu, Humbu, Kawiku.  220,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 2.6% of the population (1986). Population total all countries 310,000 or more.   
LUVALE Luena, Lwena, Chiluvale, Lovale, Lubale.    203,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 2.4% of the population (1986). Population total both countries 358,000.   
LUYANA Esiluyana, Louyi, Lui, Luyi, Rouyi. Kwandi, Kwanga, Mbowe (Esimbowe), Mbumi. 74,800 in Zambia (1986), 1.1% of the population, including 12,114 Kwandi, 29,333 Kwanga, 2,692 Mbowe (1969 census). Population total all countries 100,000.   
MAMBWE-LUNGU   Mambwe (Ichimambwe, Kimambwe), Rungu (Lungu, Ichirungu, Adong).  262,800 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 3.1% of the population (1986). Population total both countries 359,000.   
MBUNDA Chimbunda, Mbuunda, Gimbunda, Kimbunda.    126,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 1.5% of the population (1986). Population total both countries 226,000.   
MWANGA Ichinamwanga, Nyamwanga, Namwanga, Inamwanga.  Iwa, Tambo (Tembo).  169,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 2% of the population, including 14,698 Iwa and 7,171 Tambo (1969 census). Population total both countries 256,000.   
NKOYA Shinkoya Nkoya, Mbowela (Mbwela, Mbwera, Shimbwera), Lushangi, Shasha, Lukolwe, Mashasha. 70,000 (1995 UBS).    
NSENGA Chinsenga, Senga Nsenga, Ngoni (Mpezeni). 427,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone). Population total all countries 584,000.   
NYANJA Chinyanja Chichewa (Chewa, Cewa), Peta (Cipeta, Chipeta, Malawi, Maravi, Marave), Chingoni (Ngoni), Manganja (Waganga), Nyasa, Chikunda.  989,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 11.7% of the population (1986), including 196,640 Chewa, 256,588 Ngoni, 8,032 ChiKunda (1969 census).  
NYIHA Ishinyiha, Nyika, Nyixa.  Wandya 320,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone).    
SIMAA   Simaa, Mulonga, Imilangu, Mwenyi, Nyengo, Makoma, Liyuwa.  74,800 or 1.1% of the population (1986), including 8,000 in Makoma (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  
SOLI Chisoli   54,400 or .8% of the population (1986).    
TONGA Chitonga, Zambezi, Plateau Tonga.  Chitonga, Leya, Toka (Southern Tonga), We (Valley Tonga), Shanjo (Sanjo), Twa Of Kafwe, Mala.  990,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 11.7% of the population (1986). Includes 427,031 Tonga, 11,994 Toka, 7,874 Leya. Population total both countries 1,105,000 or more.  
TUMBUKA Tumboka, Chitumbuka, Tew, Tambuka, Timbuka, Tombucas.  Chitumbuka, Chikamanga (Kamanga, Henga), Kandawire, Chipoka, Yombe, Senga, Fungwe, Wenya, Nenya, Ngoni (Magodi), Fililwa (Filirwa), Hewe (Hewa), Nthali.  406,000 in Zambia (1993 Johnstone), 4.8% of the population (1986) including 33,666 Senga, 1,720 Yombe.  

Constituted with data from: Ethnologue Report for Zambia


Religious Groups / Groupes religieux

President Chiluba declared Zambia a Christian country, but guaranteed freedom of religion. The attitude of the government has been favorable to Christians, especially in medical work and education.

Religions
Proportion
Christian: Roman Catholic (32%); Protestant (27%); Evangelical (12.5%); Other/nominal (20.2%
75%
Traditional Animist
23%
African indigenous
8%
Muslim
1%
Atheist/non-religious
.5%

Constituted with Data from: SERVICE IN MISSION. "Religion" in Zambia FAQ, Charlotte, SIM, 2003, [http://www.sim.org/CountryFAQ.asp?ID=51#religion], (31 July 2003), 27,8 Ko


 

Ethnic Groups / Groupes ethniques

Ethnic Groups
Proportion
Location
Bemba
2.2 million
Zambia's northern rural regions
Nyanja
1 million
throughout Zambia
Tonga
1 million
on 11% of the Zambian territory
Lozi
500 000
Western and Southern Provinces
Tumbuka
430 000
Eastern part of the country
Nsenga
330 000
borders with Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mambwe-Lungu
280 000
North-east of Northern Province, south of lake Tanganyika
Lunda
230 000
Copperbelt, et and also near Angola and D.R.C.
Luvale
215 000
Northwestern and Western Provinces
Kaonde
200 000
to the north of Kafue national park
Luyana
130 000
only in Western Province
Mbunda
130 000
north of Barotseland and north of Western Zambia
Nkoya and Mwela
80 000
Southern and Western Provinces
Luchazi
70 000
west of Zambia, smallest dialect spoken by less than 1% of the population
Mashi
25 000
especially spoken by Zambian "nomads" in south-east of Western Province

Constituted with data from: Embassy of France to Zambia and Malawi. "Ethnic groups in Zambia" in Zambia in Brief, [http://www.ambafrance-zm.org/3zambie/gb315.htm], (31 July 2003), 12,02 Ko

 
 
 
Other data on Zambia / Autres données sur la Zambie