on Ethnic Relations / Rapports sur les relations
following section is mainly consisted of part, full or summaries
of articles taken from newspapers.
La section suivante est essentiellement constituée d'exraits,
de la totalité ou de résumés d'articles
issues de journaux .
/ 05 / 2003
"1,000 oil tankers go missing in fuel controversy"
thousand oil tankers with US $13.5 million worth of fuel destined
for Zambia's oil refinery from neighbouring countries never reached
their destination between 1999 and 2000, said an auditor general's
report tabled in parliament earlier this week.
report also noted that an examination of the supplier's records
showed that more than double the amount of oil approved by the
Zambia National Tender Board was sold to procurer the Zambian
National Oil Company (ZNOC). There was also a discrepancy in official
records between the amount of oil loaded by the supplier and the
amount actually received in Zambia, news reports said.
the national oil purchaser, was put into receivership in 2001
with vast debts. Zambia's oil procurement procedures have become
part of a wider anti-corruption probe by President Levy Mwanawasa.
Chanda, former president Frederick Chiluba's economic advisor,
who is currently being questioned by parliament's public accounts
committee on the contents of the report, was previous board chairman
of ZNOC, the Indeni oil refinery and transporter Tanzania Zambia
Mafuta. The auditor general linked Chanda to the irregular supply
April this year, Zambia faced serious fuel shortages as a result
of procurement problems. The crisis was attributed to Mwanawasa's
decision to cancel a fuel supply contract with Trans Sahara Trading
(TST), a subsidiary of the Canadian mining firm, Diamondworks.
Mwanawasa cited unnamed irregularities when he ended the deal
with TST as the sole supplier of fuel to Zambia in March.
then vice-president, Enoch Kavindele, awarded the supply contract
to TST in August last year, cutting out TotalFinaElf, the main
company supplying crude in the region. Kavindele's son, Junior,
has reportedly been linked to TST, but Kavindele denied any personal
connection to the firm.
controversy led to Kavindele's sacking last week for ignoring
Mwanawasa's decree terminating TST's supply contract. He also
allegedly failed to follow accounting procedures when he received
a US $100,000 donation from TST for the ruling Movement for Multiparty
/ 02 / 2003
"Anti-corruption campaign claims VP"
Levy Mwanawasa's anti-corruption crusade has reached into the
heart of his government and claimed the jobs of both his vice-president
and finance minister.
at the weekend released an eight-page letter addressed to former
vice-president Enoch Kavindele and finance minister Emmanuel Kasonde
who were both sacked on Thursday. The letter for the first time
publicly outlined the reasons for their dismissal, citing alleged
corruption and disregard for tender and procurement procedures.
main indictment was that Kavindele had ignored a presidential
decree in March to terminate a crude oil supply contract with
Trans Sahara Trading (TST), a subsidiary of the Canadian company
Diamond Works. Kavindele had allegedly also failed to follow accounting
procedures when he received a US $100,000 donation from TST for
the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD).
mentioned earlier that I will neither allow MMD nor my leadership
to receive gifts which are offered with strings attached. Government
was having transactions with TST and you [Kavindele] were giving
them a number of favours which neither the Minister of Energy
and Water Development, nor myself, were even aware of or briefed
[on]..."" Mwanawasa's letter said in part.
also accused TST of being behind the country's recent fuel shortage.
dismissal was welcomed by some fellow cabinet ministers who said
it was long overdue.
was constantly abusing his authority for his personal business
interests. The local business community has complained to government
about his abuse of office to further his business interests in
the past,"" Sylvia Masebo, member of the opposition
Zambia Republican Party and minister of local government and housing
a well-known businessman and political survivor, at the weekend
reacted by calling a press conference and announcing that he was
taking over the running of the MMD.
party constitution allows me [as elected vice president] to do
so - and I am, also in my capacity as MMD president, lifting the
suspensions of all National Executive Council [NEC: the supreme
council of the ruling party] members,"" Kavindele announced,
adding that elections to elect a new party president would be
held within three months.
position of party president became vacant after Frederick Chiluba
resigned as leader of the MMD. Eight NEC members, including national
chairman Chitalu Sampa, a former defence minister, were suspended
by Mwanawasa for sympathising with Chiluba, who has been arrested
and charged with more than 60 counts of theft of public funds.
analyst Fred Mutesa told IRIN that Kavindele's challenge was likely
to fizzle out, especially as MMD militants remained loyal to Mwanawasa
and were already demanding Kavindele's resignation as leader of
pointed out that what does remain an issue of controversy, and
a subject of a court challenge, was the appointment last week
of former opposition leader Nevers Mumba as vice-president to
constitution does not allow an individual who, like Mumba, has
previously stood in a general election and lost to be appointed
a minister or vice-president. Mumba, a television evangelist who
until last week was the leader of the opposition National Citizens
Coalition, won less than two percent of the vote in presidential
elections in 2001.
are seeking a court intervention on this matter [of Mumba's appointment]
because the law clearly speaks against this,"" Elizabeth
Chitika, spokesperson for the opposition Forum for Democracy and
Development said last week.
said former finance minister Kasonde's removal was because he
had given a local company a contract to supply Zambia with 40,000
mt of maize at an inflated price, despite the president having
given an assurance to the country's farmers that the local market
would be protected by a ban on maize imports.
also made a commitment to the International Monetary Fund that
Zambia would continue with its privatisation programme, despite
a pledge by Mwanawasa that key state-owned assets would not be
Kavindele, it is becoming imperative that I should take stern
measures against some of our colleagues who do not share my vision
to provide a government of high integrity and morals. It's quite
clear that you and honourable Kasonde do not fall in this category.
I have therefore decided that you and Hon. Kasonde should be removed,""
Mwanawasa's letter said.